Haig and Robertson were aware that Britain would have to take on more of the offensive burden, as France was beginning to run out of men and perhaps could not last more than another year at the same level of effort but thought that the Germans might retreat in the west to shorten their line, so they could concentrate on beating the Russians, who unlike France and Britain might accept a compromise peace.
Astonishing that any man who was there could still believe in cavalry 10 years after the Somme. Stretching from the North Sea to Switzerland, the front was a kilometre ribbon with both sides dug into deep trenches behind barbed wire to avoid the new weapons of the era, machine guns and shells that favoured a defensive position, not offence.
In a letter to Haldane 4 AugustHaig predicted that the war would last for months if not years; Haig wanted Haldane to return to the War Office Asquith had been holding the job since the resignation of Seeley during the Curragh Affair — it was given to Kitchener and delay sending the BEF to France until the Territorial Army had been mobilised and incorporated.
However Haig felt no reason to change his tactics as he rested at a grand chateau in a distant village. One of the most striking parts of the collection are the photographs which also cover Haig's entire life. His first major battle was the Somme Offensive in But Haig needed a victory to salvage the faltering campaign.
He wanted to fight another battle, very much like the Somme, only bigger, and on terrain that was even less well suited for the offensive.
Over lunch with the King and Kitchener, Haig remarked that the best time to sack French would have been after the retreat to the Marne; it was agreed that the men would correspond in confidence and in response to the King's joke that this was inviting Haig to "sneak" like a schoolboy, Kitchener replied that "we are past schoolboy's age".
In Lee, we see audacity. After the war, Haig became something of an awkward figure for the British government. Haig could also be called a butcher as he left his men to suffer while he lived in a luxurious castle in a far away town.
Then—BEF commander Sir John French was exhausted, demoralized and lacked confidence in himself and that of his immediate subordinates. Still, at the other extreme, one can argue persuasively that Haig did not merely fail to achieve his stated objectives in the great battles of the Somme and Ypres.
Haig attended a Cabinet meeting in London 15 April where the politicians were more concerned with the political crisis over the introduction of conscription, which could bring down the government and Haig recorded that Asquith attended the meeting dressed for golf and clearly keen to get away for the weekend.
This may have made Rawlinson reluctant to stand up to Haig thereafter. Haig's records of his time supervising artillery exercises show little interest in technical matters aim, range, accuracy etc.
There are also many photographs of his post-war tours. He got everything he wanted in the way of men and materiel for what became known as Third Ypres or Passchendaele, a battle remembered for, among other things, terrain so wet the entire world seemed to consist of nothing but mud and shell holes filled with vile water.
The attacking forces did not gain a single one of their objectives. Haig predicted that the war would last several years and that an army of a million men, trained by officers and NCOs withdrawn from the BEF, would be needed.
But now the Americans were coming, to replace the wasted battalions. Custom Essays on Did Haig deserve the Title the Butcher of the Somme The attack was preceded by an eight-day preliminary bombardment of the German lines, beginning on Saturday 4th of June and ending on the 1st of July.
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This battle slowed the German army's advance. Haig evidently believed that will and resolve could carry any obstacle. Britain was no longer an imperial power, and the old Edwardian certainties had crumbled. However Haig also rewrote his diary from this period, possibly to show himself in a better light and French in a poor one.
Haig had no new tactics to offer, and the only technological advance that showed any promise was the tank. Diary records daily events Haig wrote an entry for almost every day of the war.
But of course the world—including the British—did go to war again. They married after a brief courtship and the union solidified his position in royal circles. Haig was intolerant of what he regarded as old-fashioned opinion and not good at negotiating with strangers.
Memorial Day 1 July He later claimed that these doubts had gone back to the Boer War but there appears to have been an element of later embellishment about this; Haig who had criticised Kitchener, Roberts and others had in fact praised French during the Boer War and had welcomed his appointment as CIGS in Early biographies were laudatory, and Haig did his best to ensure that by sending material to the authors.
He had obtained every qualification, gained every experience and served in every appointment requisite for the General Command.
Britain was no longer an imperial power, and the old Edwardian certainties had crumbled. Generals, the cynics like to say, are always fighting the last war. Leave a Reply Note: He ordered soldiers to attack on July 31, On average, 50 researchers every year come to inspect the collection at NLS, and over the years the papers have formed the basis of many biographies of Douglas Haig.Field Marshall Douglas Haig returned from the First World War to throngs of adoring fans.
They had turned out in solidarity and support for their hero, the man who had led them to victory in a war to end all wars.
A ‘Great War’.
Clearly, Field Marshal Haig is about to make yet another gargantuan effort to move his drinks cabinet six inches closer to Berlin. – Richard Curtis and Ben Elton, Blackadder Goes Forth () General Sir Douglas Haig, commander of the British forces for most the First World War, is a figure of infamy among those concerned with the horrors of war.
Defining Field Marshal General Sir Douglas Haig Essay - Defining Field Marshal General Sir Douglas Haig Haig was a technical innovator; Haig was an old fashioned fool. Haig was a brilliant strategist; Haig was ignorant. Haig was a great man; Haig was hardly a man.
Haig's Reputation as the Butcher of the Somme In the run up to the war, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig was appointed the Director of Military Training.
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The Man: General Douglas Haig served as the commander-in-chief of the British during World War 1. He had a long military career before that point, having served during the .Download