News management of influenza outbreak

Current recommendations for interpandemic and pandemic alert periods include: Influenza B almost exclusively infects humans [47] and is less common than influenza A. This effect has been proposed to be the cause of the unusual lethality of both the H5N1 avian influenza, [96] and the pandemic strain.

Influenza vaccine Giving an influenza vaccination The influenza vaccine is recommended by the World Health Organization and United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for high-risk groups, such as children, the elderly, health care workers, and people who have chronic illnesses such as asthmadiabetesheart diseaseor are immuno-compromised among others.

Until further risk assessment data are available, the following practices and conditions are recommended for manipulation of reconstructed influenza viruses and laboratory animals infected with the viruses. Thus, influenza can be deadly, especially for the weak, young and old, those with compromised immune systems, or the chronically ill.

The predictive value of rapid assays without confirmation by a reference test is strongly correlated with disease prevalence in the community, as is clinical diagnosis without laboratory testing.

Since most people are repeatedly exposed to influenza viruses, a fourfold rise in titer between acute and convalescent sera generally is considered necessary for confirmation of influenza infection.

Because of the absence of RNA proofreading enzymes, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that copies the viral genome makes an error roughly every 10 thousand nucleotides, which is the approximate length of the influenza vRNA.

Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act.

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This influences their lethality and ability to spread. Avoiding spitting is also recommended. Additional requirements and recommendations apply for laboratory work News management of influenza outbreak live animals.

This feature could be an advantage for diagnosis of infection with novel pandemic strains. One of the mechanisms is believed to be the inhibition of adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH resulting in lowered cortisol levels. When considering the biocontainment level and attendant practices and procedures for work with other influenza recombinant or reassortant viruses, the local Institutional Biosafety Committee should consider, but not limit consideration, to the following in the conduct of protocol-driven risk assessment.

HAI titers, however, in human avian influenza cases generally have been low or undetectable HHS The virus has the potential to infect humans, although no such cases have been observed yet.

Other viral proteins have multiple actions in the host cell, including degrading cellular mRNA and using the released nucleotides for vRNA synthesis and also inhibiting translation of host-cell mRNAs.

While paired sera are optimal, single convalescent specimens may be useful in investigations involving novel viruses, since past exposure to the agent is less likely HHS It is known that virions converge to the microtubule organizing center, interact with acidic endosomes and finally enter the target endosomes for genome release.

Until further risk assessment data are available, the following practices and conditions are recommended for manipulation of reconstructed influenza viruses and laboratory animals infected with the viruses. People with emphysema, chronic bronchitis or asthma may experience shortness of breath while they have the flu, and influenza may cause worsening of coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure.

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Acute-phase sera should be collected within 1 week after illness onset, and convalescent sera should be collected 2 to 3 weeks later.

First, the virus has to bind to and enter the cell, then deliver its genome to a site where it can produce new copies of viral proteins and RNA, assemble these components into new viral particles, and, last, exit the host cell.

The steps in this process are discussed in the text. The risk to laboratory workers is unknown at present, but the pandemic potential is thought to be significant. PCR generally is not used for strain-level identification, which is based on serologic markers.

When considering the biocontainment level and attendant practices and procedures for work with other influenza recombinant or reassortant viruses, the local Institutional Biosafety Committee should consider, but not limit consideration, to the following in the conduct of protocol-driven risk assessment.

Additional requirements and recommendations apply for laboratory work involving live animals. The relative importance of these three modes of transmission is unclear, and they may all contribute to the spread of the virus.

There may be specific requirements regarding the setting of containment levels in institutions that are subject to NIH guidelines.

Influenza B almost exclusively infects humans [47] and is less common than influenza A. Those with the emergency warning signs should visit the emergency room at once.

Any new or re-emergent human influenza strain with suspected pandemic potential should be treated as described for H5N1 avian influenza.

Every year, the World Health Organization predicts which strains of the virus are most likely to be circulating in the next year see Historical annual reformulations of the influenza vaccineallowing pharmaceutical companies to develop vaccines that will provide the best immunity against these strains.

Most people will recover completely in about one to two weeks, but others will develop life-threatening complications such as pneumonia.

The risk to laboratory workers is unknown at present, but the pandemic potential is thought to be significant.The case is in a village in Masereka health zone not far from the large city of Butembo.

Infectious Disease News - Find the latest infectious disease news articles, videos, blogs, books, Continuing Medical Education (CME), meeting coverage, and journal articles.

Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, sneezing, and feeling tired.

These symptoms typically begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week.

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Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: a high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, and feeling tired.

These symptoms typically begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week. The cough, however, may last for more. Influenza Updates: Flu activity in the U.S.

is low now, but expected to pick up in the coming weeks. CDC on Flu Vaccine: CDC’s vaccine recommendations for the flu season are now available.; CDC recommends yearly flu vaccination for people 6 months and older.

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News management of influenza outbreak
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