The conventional level consists of the third and fourth stages of moral development. The discussion approach is based on the insight that individuals develop as a result of cognitive conflicts at their current stage.
He believed that there were six identifiable stages which could be more generally classified into three levels. The second level of moral thinking is that generally found in society, hence the name "conventional.
In this way action is never a means but always an end in itself; the individual acts because it is right, and not because it avoids punishment, is in their best interest, expected, legal, or previously agreed upon. Instead, our moral code is shaped by the standards of adults and the consequences of following or breaking their rules.
Formal elements[ edit ] Progress through Kohlberg's stages happens as a result of the individual's increasing competence, both psychologically and in balancing conflicting social-value claims. Its first stage stage 5 is an understanding of social mutuality and a genuine interest in the welfare of others.
They have raised the following issues. People who exhibit post-conventional morality view rules as useful but changeable mechanisms—ideally rules can maintain the general social order and protect human rights.
That is to say, most people take their moral views from those around them and only a minority think through ethical principles for themselves. However, Gilligan suggests that the principle of caring for others is equally important. If one person violates a law, perhaps everyone would—thus there is an obligation and a duty to uphold laws and rules.
Such perspectives should be mutually respected as unique to each person or community. He was also inspired by James Mark Baldwin. Each boy was given a 2-hour interview based on the ten dilemmas.
Rules are not absolute dictates that must be obeyed without question. People may respond very differently to real life situations that they find themselves in than they do with an artificial dilemma presented to them in the comfort of a research environment.
Maintaining the Social Order. In while beginning his dissertation, he had married Lucille Stigberg, and the couple had two sons, David and Steven.
Instead, our moral code is shaped by the standards of adults and the consequences of following or breaking their rules. Men are likely to move on to the abstract principles, and thus have less concern with the particulars of who is involved. His research was cross-sectional, meaning that he interviewed children of different ages to see what level of moral development they were at.
Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development: Universal ethical principles Principled conscience The understanding gained in each stage is retained in later stages, but may be regarded by those in later stages as simplistic, lacking in sufficient attention to detail.
Conventional[ edit ] The conventional level of moral reasoning is typical of adolescents and adults. Arguing that his theory measures moral reasoning and not particular moral conclusions, Kohlberg insists that the form and structure of moral arguments is independent of the content of those arguments, a position he calls " formalism ".Learn kohlberg with free interactive flashcards.
Choose from different sets of kohlberg flashcards on Quizlet. Print Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescence Worksheet 1. During adolescence, individuals begin to think differently and are able to solve more complex problems. Kohlberg's theory of moral development proposes a series of three levels, divided into two stages each, that characterize the moral reasoning of human beings.
Kohlberg's theory represented an important contribution to the psychological study of moral reasoning and its effect on behavior, but it contains a number of flaws and problematic assumptions. Lawrence Kohlberg was, for many years, a professor at Harvard University. He became famous for his work there beginning in the early s.
He started as a developmental psychologist and then moved to the field of moral education. He was particularly well-known for his theory of moral development.
Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget.
Kohlberg began work on this topic while a psychology graduate student at the University of Chicago  in and expanded upon the theory throughout his life.
According to Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development, the conventional level is the stage at which children learn about rules and authority. They learn that there are certain “conventions” that govern how they should and should not behave, and learn to obey them.Download